Cross Word and Numerical Enigma

Here is Cross Word and Numerical Enigma include Poetical, Letters or Riddles. All the enigmas with answers below in the questions.

 


 

How Enigma works?

Let’s start studying the algorithm. This site has a very good simulator that shows the entire process in an accessible and visual form in its entirety. Let’s take a look at how the three-rotor Enigma works. It had three compartments for three rotors and an additional compartment for a reflector. In total, during the Second World War, eight rotors and four reflectors were manufactured, but at the same time only as many as the machine was designed for could be used. Each rotor had 26 sections, which corresponded to a separate letter of the alphabet, as well as 26 contacts for interaction with adjacent rotors. As soon as the operator pressed the desired letter, the electric circuit was closed, as a result of which a cipher letter appeared. The circuit was closed due to the reflector.

 

Cross word and Enigma keys

The figure shows an illustration of pressing the “A” key followed by decoding into the letter “G“. After entering the letter, the rightmost rotor moved forward, thereby changing the key. So how did one letter get replaced by another? As I said before, eight different rotors have been designed for Enigma.

Within each of them, 26 different switches were installed. Here is a detailed specification for each of them. For example, if the letter “N” came to the input of the first rotor, then the output should only be “W” and no other letter more. If this letter hit the second rotor, it would already be transformed into a “T“, etc.

That is, each rotor performed a clearly set communication task. What role did the rings play? Consider the following example. Let’s install rotors III, II and I, and the order of the rings is “C“, “U” and “Q“.

Press the “A” key. The far right rotor will rotate forward one step, that is, the letter “Q” changes to “R“. The rotor in the middle will also turn forward by the letter “V“, but I will talk about this a little later. So, our letter “A” begins the journey from the first compartment, in which the rotor I is installed and on which the letter “R” is already exposed. Already before getting to the first rotor, the letter undergoes its first transformation, namely: addition with the letter “R” modulo 26.

 

Cross Word and Numerical Enigma
Cross Word and Numerical Enigma

 

Riddle Enigma

 

In rat, but not in kitten;

In oar, but not in sail ;

In gloves, but not in mitten ;

In pitcher, but not in pail;

In trumpets, but not in tune;

The whole appears in June.

 

Answer

Roses.

 


 

Word Enigma

 

Five hundred begins it, five hundred ends it,

Five in the middle is seen;

The first of all letters, the first of all figures,

Take op their stations between.

My whole was a king of very great fame;

If you wish to know who, you hero have his Name

 

Answer

DAVID.

Related Article


 

Poem Enigma

 

(a) I’m slain to be saved, with much ado and pain,

Scattered, dispersed, and gathered up again,

Withered, though young; sweet, yet unperfumed,

And carefully laid up to be consumed.

 

(b) A word of one syllabi, easy and short,

‘ Which read* backwards and forwards the same;

It expresses the sentiment

warm from, And to beauty lays principal claim,

(c) Soon as I’m made I’m sought with care;

For one whole year consulted;

That time elapsed, I’m thrown aside,

Neglected and insulted.

 

Answer

(a) Hay; (b) Eye; (c) Almanac.

 


 

Numerical Enigma.

 

My 10, 11, 8, 9 is a handle.

My 7, 1, 15, 5 is a side glance.

My 4, 2, 3, 6 is to mend.

My 12, 13, 14, 16 is the Scriptures.

My whole of 16 letters is a name given to a part of the United States.

 

Answer

Garden of the world.


 

Cross Word Enigma

 

My first is in lame, but not in pain,

My second is in mind, but not in brain,

My third is in twice, but not in one,

My fourth is in wit, but not in fun,

My fifth is in string, but not in cord,

My sixth is in tribe, but not in horde,

My seventh is in strong, but not in weak,

My eighth is in look, but not in seek,

My ninth is in light, but not in dork,

My tenth is in hawk, but not in lark,

In my whole you’ll find a great man’s name.

One who by playing has gained his fame.

 

Answer

Edwin Booth.


 

Poetical Enigma

 

I wave o’er mast, end fort, and tower,

O’er royal home, from island bower ;

Pm known and feared o’er land and wave.

The hope of freeborn to the slave!

Yet changed to stone behold me I

Oft ‘neath your foot am made to lie.

Sometimes my home is in the stream,

Where my gay yellow blossoms gleam.

When dried, my withered form they take,

And into mats and baskets make.

Four letters mine; cut off my head,

Loitering and slow becomes my tread.

 

Answer

Flag.


 

Enigmatical Cities

 

Hastily turning round.

Dwells on the western prairies.

An open plain.

Highly prized by the smoker.

 

Answer

Wneeng, Buffalo, Savannah, Havana

 


 

Numerical Enigma

 

My whole consists of letters six,

Without me you are In a fix ;

My 1, 2 and 3 a conjunction shows,

Reversed, ’tis used for washing clothes.

My” 4, 5 and C la a weight you’ll see,

Reversed, a negative it will be;

And lastly, to conclude, I’ll add

My whole has eras, but Its sight is bad.

 

Answer

Missing Vowels. Here rests his head upon the lap of earth, A youth to fortune and to fame unknown; Pair Science frowned not on his humble birth, and Melancholy marked him for her own.

Related Article


 

Letter Enigma

 

My first is in jackal, not in ox.

My second is in bear, not in fox.

My third is in deer, not in gnu.

My fourth is in ibcz, and in zebu.”

My fifth is in dormouse, also in hog.

My sixth is in jaguar, not in dog.

My whole is a quadruped.

 

Answer

Jerboa


 

Enigmatical Insect

My first is to ramble; my next to retreat; My whole oft enrages in summer’s fierce heat.

 

Answer

Gad fly

 


 

Enigma

 

I am quite a useful article, And found in many a form;

I am seen upon the ocean, In sunshine and in storm;

The doctor prescribes me When your stomach isn’t right;

When the settler builds his cabin I help to make it tight;

Tm scarce upon the prairie, But in the forest found,

And I am quite abundant, too, Where little dogs abound.

 

Answer

Bark.


 

Odd Enigmas

 

Write one hundred and add one, And then with five unite;

When one and fifty you have joined. You’ll have what is polite.

If. to one thousand you add one. Then fifty and five hundred.

You’ll have what’s gentle, good and kind. Or else I must have blundered.

 

Answer

CIVIL. MILD.


 

Cross Word Enigma

 

In happy, not in sad. In hopeful, not in mad.

In earth, not in space. In tooth, not in face.

In coming, not in gone. In chant, not in song.

In chin, not in liver.

The whole is a historic river of the United
States.

 

Answer

Potomac

 

More Enigma cross words

In fact, this is a Caesar cipher. If you number all the letters from 0 to 25, then the letter “A” will be exactly zero. This means that the result of the addition will be the letter “R”. Further, we know that in the first compartment the rotor is I, and in its design it is laid down that the letter “R” always turns into “U”. Now the second compartment with rotor II is next. Again, before hitting the second rotor, now the letter “U” changes according to a slightly different algorithm: the difference in the values ​​of the next rotor and the previous one is added to it.

Let me explain. On the second rotor the letter “V” awaits us, and on the previous one – “R”, their difference is equal to four letters, and it is they that are added to our letter “U”. Therefore, the second rotor receives the letter “Y”. Further, according to the table, we find that in the second rotor the letter “Y” corresponds to “O”. Then again we look at the difference between the letters “C” and “V” – it is equal to seven. So, we shift the letter “O” by seven positions and get “V”.

In rotor III, “V” becomes “M”. Before getting to the reflector, the letter “C” is subtracted from our letter, transforming it into the letter “K”. Next comes the reflection. If you notice, then large cyclic groups are formed in each rotor, for example: (A – E – L – T – P – H – Q – X – R – U), and in the reflector they are divided into pairs: (A – Y) (B – R) (C – U) etc. This is done so that later it could be decrypted. Suppose that reflector B is installed, in which “K” is replaced by “N” (and vice versa). Half of the way is covered.

Now we add the value of the letter “C” again, thus getting the letter “P”. Here, on the contrary, in the line of the third rotor we find “P” and see in which letter it would appear when pressed. This is the letter “H”. The conversion in the third rotor is complete. Now the difference between the letters “C” and “V” is subtracted from this letter, that is, seven. We get the letter “A”. In the second rotor, it goes into itself, so we leave it unchanged. Next, subtract the difference between the letters “V” and “R”, that is, four and get the letter “W”.

In the first rotor, its reverse transformation is displayed in the letter “N”. It remains only to subtract the letter “R” from it and get the desired letter “W”. As you can see, the algorithm of the machine was not as complicated as it seemed. To improve the cipher, the Germans introduced a patch panel, which made it possible to swap letters in pairs. If we connect the letters “Q” and “W”, then when entering the same “A” we would get “Q”, since in fact there should be “W”, but it was replaced by the letter “Q”. Here is the attached action diagram.

Related Posts

One thought on “Cross Word and Numerical Enigma

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.